Api Controller

ApiController is the class which extends oatpp::web::server::api::ApiController. It implements and manages endpoints. Endpoints are created with the help of code-gen macros.
Endpoints code generation section must begin with #include OATPP_CODEGEN_BEGIN(ApiController) and must be closed with #include OATPP_CODEGEN_END(ApiController).
Do not forget to close code generation section in order to avoid macro conflicts later in the code!

#include "oatpp/web/server/api/ApiController.hpp"
#include "oatpp/core/macro/codegen.hpp"

class MyController : public oatpp::web::server::api::ApiController {


   *  Begin ENDPOINTs generation ('ApiController' codegen)
  #include OATPP_CODEGEN_BEGIN(ApiController)

  ENDPOINT("GET", "/", root) {
    return createResponse(Status::CODE_200, "Hello World!");

  // TODO Insert Your endpoints here !!!

   *  Finish ENDPOINTs generation ('ApiController' codegen)
  #include OATPP_CODEGEN_END(ApiController)


Endpoint Types

There are two types of generated endpoints:

  • ENDPOINT - generates method which returns std::shared_ptr<OutgoingResponse>
  • ENDPOINT_ASYNC - generates oatpp::async::CoroutineWithResult with std::shared_ptr<OutgoingResponse>return type. See oatpp coroutines for more info

ENDPOINT Specifics

ENDPOINT macro has the following params:

ENDPOINT("<http-method>", "<path>", <method-name>, <optional param-mappings>)

Possible Param Mappings:

  • Map header of the incoming request to a method parameter:

    HEADER(<data-type>, <param-name>, "<optional header-name>")
  • Map path variable to a method parameter:

    PATH(<data-type>, <param-name>, "<optional path-variable-name>")
  • Map query parameter to a method parameter:

    QUERY(<data-type>, <param-name>, "<optional path-variable-name>")
  • Map body of the incoming request to a method parameter. Body will be decoded as oatpp::String. Data type must be String:

    BODY_STRING(String, <param-name>)
  • Map body of the incoming request to a method parameter. Body will be decoded as oatpp::String and then deserialized using Controller's default ObjectMapper:

    BODY_DTO(<DTO-class>::ObjectWrapper, <param-name>)
  • Map entire IncomingRequest object to the method parameter:

    REQUEST(std::shared_ptr<IncomingRequest>, request)


ENDPOINT_ASYNC macro has the following structure:

ENDPOINT_ASYNC("GET", "/", Root /* Name of the Coroutine */) {

  //shared_ptr<IncomingRequest> request; - is available as a property of the class

  ENDPOINT_ASYNC_INIT(Root) ///< Generate constructor and default fields

  Action act() override {
    return _return(controller->createResponse(Status::CODE_200, "Hello Async"));


In order to be able to access MyController's fields from the inside of the endpoint's Coroutine without additional casts add the following typedef to the controller:

class MyController : public oatpp::web::server::api::ApiController {
  typedef MyController __ControllerType;



Endpoint Annotation And API Documentation

ApiController code-gen also supports annotation of endpoints with additional info. This info is then can be used to generate API documentation for Swagger-UI or for other API-documentation tools.
For how-to integrate Swagger-UI in oatpp application see oatpp-swagger.

Additional endpoint info can be added in ENDPOINT_INFO(<endpoint-name>) block.


  • Simeple API:

    ENDPOINT_INFO(createUser) {
      info->summary = "Create new User";
      info->addResponse<UserDto::ObjectWrapper>(Status::CODE_200, "application/json");
    ENDPOINT("POST", "demo/api/users", createUser,
             BODY_DTO(UserDto::ObjectWrapper, userDto)) {
      return createDtoResponse(Status::CODE_200, m_database->createUser(userDto));
  • Async API:

    ENDPOINT_INFO(CreateUser) {
      info->summary = "Create new User";
      info->addResponse<UserDto::ObjectWrapper>(Status::CODE_200, "application/json");
    ENDPOINT_ASYNC("POST", "demo/api/users", CreateUser) {
      Action act() override {
        return request->readBodyToDtoAsync<UserDto>(controller->getDefaultObjectMapper()).callbackTo(&CreateUser::returnResponse);
      Action returnResponse(const UserDto::ObjectWrapper& body){
        return _return(createDtoResponse(Status::CODE_200, m_database->createUser(userDto)));

Note that endpoint-name in ENDPOINT_INFO(<endpoint-name>) block should be exactly the same as endpoint-name in corresponding ENDPOINT or ENDPOINT_ASYNC block.

Endpoint Parameters Annotation

There are three types of endpoint params which can be annotated:

  • Headers - can be accessed as info->headers
  • Path Parameters - can be accessed as info->pathParams
  • Query Parameters - can be accessed as info->queryParams

Parameters have next attributes as for Parameter Object in OpenAPI 3.0.0 specification:

Field Name Type Description
name oatpp::String The name of the parameter. Parameter names are case sensitive.
description oatpp::String A brief description of the parameter.
required oatpp::Boolean Default value true. Determines whether this parameter is mandatory. If the parameter is "Path Parameter", its value MUST be true.
deprecated oatpp::Boolean Default value false. Specifies that a parameter is deprecated and SHOULD be transitioned out of usage.
allowEmptyValue oatpp::Boolean Default value null. Sets the ability to pass empty-valued parameters. This is valid only for query parameters and allows sending a parameter with an empty value.

Add description to "userId" path parameter:

  ENDPOINT_INFO(getUserById) {
    // general
    info->summary = "Get one User by userId";
    info->addResponse<UserDto::ObjectWrapper>(Status::CODE_200, "application/json");
    info->addResponse<String>(Status::CODE_404, "text/plain");
    // params specific
    info->pathParams["userId"].description = "User Identifier";
  ENDPOINT("GET", "demo/api/users/{userId}", getUserById,
           PATH(Int32, userId)) {
    auto user = m_database->getUserById(userId);
    OATPP_ASSERT_HTTP(user, Status::CODE_404, "User not found");
    return createDtoResponse(Status::CODE_200, user);

Add parameters which are not present in the mapping - use add<type>(param-name) instead of [] operator:

  ENDPOINT_INFO(ConcatParams) {
    info->summary = "Example. Documenting path params for async APIs.";
    info->addResponse<String>(Status::CODE_200, "text/plain");
    info->pathParams.add<String>("param1").description = "just the first parameter"; // add param1 info
    info->pathParams.add<String>("param2").description = "just the second parameter"; // add param2 info
  ENDPOINT_ASYNC("GET", "/params/{param1}/{param2}", ConcatParams) {


    Action act() override {
      auto p1 = request->getPathVariable("param1");
      auto p2 = request->getPathVariable("param2");
      OATPP_ASSERT_HTTP(p1 && p2, Status::CODE_400, "param1 and param2 should not be null");
      return _return(controller->createResponse(Status::CODE_200, "param1 + param2 = '" + p1 + p2 + "'"));


Examples and Q&A